The American Skylab space station is launched.
First successful microlight built by American hang-glider pioneer Bill Bennett was made by attaching a chainsaw motor to a hand-glider.
20 October - Sydney Opera House opened. It was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon and took 14 years to build.
Britain joins the European Economic Community and longtime trade arrangements with NZ end.
3 Apr - The first portable cell phone call is made in New York, USA
The population of NZ passes three million.
Colour television was introduced to NZ.
Air New Zealand takes delivery of the first of it's wide-bodied DC10 jets, opening up mass tourism.
August 4 - Radio Avon, the city's first private radio station of the modern era, begins regular transmission.
November 25 - Queen Elizabeth II sports complex and swimming pools open on the site of the old New Brighton Trotting Track.
Credit: Ch-Ch City Libraries
Mount Hutt owner, trainer & driver Colin (CJ) McLaughlin had three starters in the Cup. Royal Ascot, part owned and driven by Felix (FE) Newfield finished best in 5th place, Manawaru driven by Alan (AM) Harrison was 10th and Manaroa Colin McLaughlin was second last in 13th place.
J S (Jack) Shaw, who died in Christchurch on Saturday aged 76 after ailing in health for several months, will long be remembered in NZ racing and trotting circles for many fine accomplishments. But probably his greatest feat of all was blazing the trail to America for NZ standardbreds with that grand trotter Vodka.
It could be rightly said that someone had to be first in this role, but Jack Shaw overcame severe adversity to get Vodka into winning form in the United States in 1956. I was there with him at that time, and I believe no other horseman from this part of the world could have surmounted the difficulties that beset him on that trip and proved his point by leading the way across the Pacific to the hundreds of standardbreds that have followed.
Had Jack Shaw and Vodka failed in their mission, there would almost certainly have been great reluctance on the part of any other owners and trainers to take or send horses to America. The crack pacer Caduceus may not have been tempted to New York for International competition in 1960, there might not have been sufficient American faith in NZ performances to prompt the purchase of the mighty Cardigan Bay in 1964. And the keen demand for our standardbred product that arose through the deeds of our topliners in the United States transforming NZ trotting from a battler's sport to a flourishing industry, might not have developed.
Jack Shaw was just the man for such a significant crusade. Already by 1956 his name was a household word in NZ racing circles. His accomplishments, first in trotting with a string of outstanding pacers and trotters headed by the long-time NZ record holder for a trotting mile, Worthy Queen(2:03 3-5), and then with numerous gallopers headed by the outstanding classics and cups winner Beaumaris, had set the seal to his fame. And when the brilliant trotter Vodka, a gift to Jack Shaw from Auckland's Mr Trotting, Bill Hoskins, capped a fine NZ record by winning from 102 yards at 13 furlongs in record time at Addington early in 1956 in his final appearance, the stage was set.
The NZ trotting fraternity as a whole had every confidence that the Shaw-Vodka combination would prove winning ambassadors in their historic venture into the American harness racing scene. But events were to prove that it was not going to be all that easy. Jack Shaw took Vodka to America by ship. It was a bad trip, and Vodka and his master both travelled poorly. They reached New York down in health and Vodka, his condition aggravated by severe corn trouble, could not trot a yard when Jack set him to training at Yonkers. From being a star visitor with glowing advance reports to live up to, Vodka, when he looked and performed so poorly in first appearances on the busy Yonkers training scene, was reduced to something of a joke amongst the heartless grooms and touts of the area who knew nothing of the troubles of the visitor.
Jack Shaw was a man of great independence and pride. He refused to seek sympathy from raceway officials or to accept help from American horsemen - insistent in his own mind that he would overcome all the problems. But Vodka was proving more than a worry even for Jack Shaw, costs were running high, eating into the finance Shaw was legally restricted to. In desperation, Jack transported Vodka to the less significant Vernon Downs track in upstate New York, took moderate private lodgings, lived virtually on coffee and hamburgers for weeks on end while he devoted his every waking moment to patching up Vodka sufficiently to win with him.
In his day a robust but extremely fit man with a background that included a career in wrestling and wrestling refereeing, Jack lost several stone in weight and, I am sure, aged himself considerably in this ordeal. Jack by this time had refused to accept financial assistance offered him by globetrotting NZer Noel Simpson. He still wanted to do the job completely on his own. Boarding with him for a few days at that time, I found that despite all his woes, Jack Shaw still retained his sense of humour. When I mistakenly set the fire alarm for the whole township of Vernon going, thinking that I was using a telephone in the household, he laughed until the tears came.
Finally, Vodka was as ready as any hands could have possibly got him under the circumstances for his American race debut. Typically slow from the barrier in his first start, Vodka, though not half his former self, made ground into fifth at the wire. Though relieved that Vodka had shown sufficient to suggest he would be able to at least win minor races, Jack was nevertheless bitterly disappointed that he hadn't won first-up with him.
The following week, however, the NZ combination made no mistake, coming from another slow start to win handsomely. And history was made. Almost crying with joy, Jack invited me into the box with him and the horse after cooling Vodka out. As I tried to squeeze past Vodka's rump the gelding lifted his off hind leg as if to kick at me. I froze. "Don't worry about him. He won't kick you. If he does I'll send him back to NZ," said Jack. And fortunately for me, that great confidence that Jack Shaw had in himself and his horse was right once again. Vodka didn't kick me.
He was to win several more races under Jack and then a few more under an American trainer, Earl Nelson, who had been very helpful after Jack had finally befriended him. And though, before he died a year or so later while still in active racing Vodka did not win a really big race in America, he had proved a NZ horse could succeed in the States.
I related some of this story some months later to Karl Scott, long-time editor of the NZ Trotting Calendar and a top authority on NZ trotting. Karl said at that time: "Jack Shaw is not a trainer, he's a scientist with horses." I couldn't agree more.
Credit: Ron Bisman writing in NZ Trotting 14Jul73
Quinella betting is to be introduced at Addington Raceway at the Canterbury Park Trotting Club's meeting on Friday night, February 9.
This was announced on Monday in a joint statement from Mr T A Leitch, chairman of directors of Addington Raceway Ltd, and Mr P W Venning, South Island manager of NZ Totalisators Ltd.
Months of planning has gone into the introduction of quinella betting and approximately 30 selling machines will be installed throughout the course. This is possible by using extensive underground wiring. It is proposed to have certain windows selling both quinella and win and place tickets while other windows will sell quinellas only.
The quinella machinery is due to arrive in NZ shortly from Australia where it has been manufactured. The equipment is portable and can be used at other racecourses. The unit of investment will be $1.
Existing exchange doubles will be retained at the Canterbury Park meeting, and both the on-course and off-course conscession double will be in operation.
Credit: 'Lookaway' writing in NZ Trotting 23Dec72
SYDNEY - HONDO GRATTAN
For sheer grit, the performance of Hondo Grattan to clean sweep the heats and Final of the 1973 series in his home state of New South Wales, despite being only four and doing most of his racing the hard way, would take some beating. There was never a more worthy Champion. He beat Royal Ascot and Glamour Chief in the $50,000 Final.
1973 DOMINION TROTTING HANDICAP
Backmarker Philemon gave driver Jack Smolenski a notable double for the meeting when he carried off the Dominion Handicap in decisive fashion. On the first day of the meeting Smolenski won the NZ Cup with Arapaho and his win behind the brilliant Oamaru-trained trotter gave him victory in two of the feature events.
Smolenski sent Philemon up from the back when the pace slackened after 600 metres and he was in front with 2400 metres to go. Though tackled in the middle stages by Able Adios and Aronmot (three wide), Philemon remained in front and passing the 800 metres was travelling well.
Easton Light was the first to lodge a serious challenge in the straight from his trailing position on the outer but last year's winner could not catch Philemon and it was left to the unlucky Bachelor Tom to get up for second, a length and a quarter back. Bachelor Tom was travelling well as he improved on the home turn but then jumped some manure lying on the track and was lucky not to lose more groud than he did. He was closing fast at the finished and edged Easton Light out by a nose.
Bambi, who trailed Philemon all the way, was a length and a half back fourth but could have been closer had he taken the gaps which opened for him. Tunza Time fought on for fifth ahead of Able Adios, Mighty Dollar and Le Char.
Credit: 'Lookout' writing in NZ Trotguide
1973 NZ OAKS
"There's no backpedalling now, I'll have to take it up full time," said Rakaia agricultural contractor Noel Edge after his good filly Loyal Drift won the $9000 New Zealand Oaks.
For Edge, who only renewed his licence two years ago after a layoff of ten years, the Oaks was the biggest success of his career. Barrine was the first horse he prepared after his break away from trotting and he was a winner last season while this season Loyal Drift and Kentucky Hanover have shown very good form in each winning three races.
Loyal Drift, by the New Zealand bred stallion Bye Bye Bill, himself a fine pacer, is out of Gancia and was bred by her owner. Mr Edge had since had two foals from Gancia, a two-year-old colt by Nephew Hal and a yearling filly by Play Bill. Last year Gancia missed to Jersey Hanover but has gone back to him this season.
Noel Edge is a brother to Steve Edge and until he gave up trotting for ten years to concentrate on his business Noel edge assisted his brother in his training activities.
There could be few excuses for the beaten lot behind Loyal Drift as she was sent to the lead with a mile to run and held off all the challenges in the straight. Not even a brilliant drive from Maurice Holmes could do better than earn Armbro Jodie second money behind a very well rated winner whose victory was thoroughly deserved. Holmes got Armbro Jodie away brilliantly from the second line and she was lying in third place at the end of a furlong. When Loyal Drift succeeded Hill Crest in front at the mile, Armbro Jodie was switched off the rails to trail on the outer then sent forward three wide past the weakening Connie Francis at the two furlongs. Armbro Jodie looked to be a big threat when she turned for home in second place but she only battled over the final half-furlong and just lasted to hold second, a length from Loyal Drift and half a head in front of Scottish Joy.
Scottish Joy raced in the fourth line on the outer but moved up closer to the lead from the two furlongs and though under pressure, got up to take third off the North Islander and favourite Hill Crest. Lady Hodgen, the early pacemaker, battled on for fifth from three back on the fence then there was a gap of seven lengths to Beedeecee with a nose to Marie Gibbins. Her effort was a good one as she was one of the worst breakers in a straggling start and had only two behind her with six furlongs to run.
Credit: 'Lookout' writing in NZ Trotting
1973 NZ TROTTING CUP
Doubts that Arapaho would see out a solidly run 3200 metres against such talented opposition were completely dispelled when he raced away with the $40,000 NZ Cup.
Not only did Arapaho win the Cup, but he did so by five lengths in the brilliant time of 4:08.6 for the 3200 metres, which compares favourably with False Step's 4:09 recorded in winning his third NZ Cup in 1960 when the distance was two miles. The fastest time recorded in the Cup over two miles was Johnny Globe's 4:07.6 in 1954. This was a world record which stood until 1969 when Dainty's Daughter recorded 4:07 in Western Australia.
Arapaho, who at the start of the season was under option to an American buyer for $100,000 but remained in New Zealand when the sale fell through, proved by far the best stayer in the field. Dunsandel owner Mr Laurie Forde has now won 23 races both here and in Australia with Arapaho who took his stake earnings to $90,270 with the $24,000 first prize.
Arapaho was given a dream run by trainer-driver Jack Smolenski. Sixth early he had a turn in front at the 2100 metre mark as the early lead changed frequently, and was then three back on the rails when first Vanadium then Rauka Lad took the lead. Rauka Lad made the pace from the 1800 metres when Young Quinn was shot into a handy lead by Bob Cameron. Vanadium and Arapaho moved to be second and third on the home turn, but Arapaho proved too strong for Young Quinn and went on to win by five lengths.
Last year's Cup winner Globe Bay went another good race for second. He improved along the rails to be in fifth place on the turn and finished determinedly to edge Young Quinn out of second by half a neck. Young Quinn, the youngest horse in the race at four, made a game attempt to beat his older rivals. He was one of several to have a turn in front early when he led briefly at the 2600 metre mark, but at the 1600 he was well placed in the fourth line on the outside of Fab. Cameron sent him passed the tiring Rauka Lad at the 600 metre mark and he turned for home with a handy advantage. He could not maintain it, but his third in such a fast-run race was a good effort for a young horse.
Robalan third in the race last year, gained another placing when he battled on for fourth though four lengths back. He drifted to the rear after 800 metres and then had to go very wide when improving from the 700 metre mark. He was sixth, but very wide out turning for home. Royal Ascot did best of the three horse bracket which include Manaroa and Manawaru. He finished fifth, but never looked like paying a dividend. He had only Manaroa and Robalan behind him at the 800 metre mark and then had to go three, then four wide round Noble Lord at the 400 metres. He was a length back fifth at the line. Vanadium, who trailed Rauka Lad from the 1800 metres, wilted to sixth a length back and a nose in front of Lightsey who ran on well after breaking at the start.
Scottish Charm just battled away in the middle of the field two lengths back with a gap of five lengths back to Noble Lord who made a brief forward move at the 800 metres, but was struggling at the 400 metre mark. Manawaru, who was under pressure to maintain his position at the 800 metres, was a further four lengths back ahead of Bomber Bill, Fab, Manaroa, who broke badly at the start, and Rauka Lad. Rauka Lad stopped badly after going up fast to lead at the 1800 metre mark.
Credit: 'Lookout' writing in NZ Trotguide
1973 NZ FREE-FOR-ALL
Robalan won his second successive New Zealand Free-For-All and gave driver Denis Nyhan his fourth win in the event when he raced away for a five and a half lengths win. Robalan strode to the lead after 450 metres and from then on he was travelling too well. He cracked the pace on at the 800 metres and drew right away in the straight.
New Zealand Cup winner Arapaho, after breaking at the start, had a battle with Globe Bay before working off the fence with 1200 metres to go and though he ran on determinedly, he had to be content with second, half a head in front of Bomber Bill, who tracked Robalan all the way.
Young Quinn finished brilliantly but late to get fourth, only another half-head back, with a neck to Young Cardigan, who fought on well from three back on the fence and looked as though he may pay a dividend at the 100 metres mark. Rauka Lad, who ran wide in the straight, was next ahead of Royal Ascot and Lightsey.
Credit: 'Lookout' writing in NZ Trotguide
1973 NZ DERBY STAKES
Koarakau will go down in the record books as the 1973 New Zealand Derby winner, but for those at Addington it will be remembered as the race Eclipse lost.
The 1973 field was one of the most talent packed to contest a Derby and the sensations predicted by many were forthcoming. But it was a tragic race for Eclipse's owner Mr E C Ockwell and trainer-driver Doug Donaldson. The classy Johnny Globe colt worked hard to head off Golden Moose after 1000 metres and from then on always seemed to be pacing comfortably. Donaldson still had him under a good hold passing the 800 then had the rest struggling as he gave him more rein at the 500 metres. Nicely clear at the 400, Eclipse looked to have the race in safe keeping but then came the sensation. For the first time in his career, Eclipse raced erratically and ran off on the home turn. Donaldson got him straightened up for a renewed bid as Al's Holiday dived through to the lead but Eclipse attempted to run off again and it was a disappointed Donaldson who brought him home in sixth place.
While all this was going on, Al's Holiday looked set to give Maurice Holmes his thirteenth winning drive in the Derby as he took a handy lead inside the 200 metres. But then the surprisingly warm favourite Koarakau appeared on the scene and he stormed home to beat Al's Holiday by threequarters of a length. Al's Holiday must have made Koarakau's task harder but for his inexperience. He was having only his third start, having finished second at Kaikoura and winning the First Riccarton Stakes on Cup day. When he hit the front early in the run home, Al's Holiday seemed to loaf a bit and could not match the fast finishing Koarakau.
While Eclipse must be regarded as the unlucky runner in the Derby, this does not detract from the very notable performance by Koarakau who added to a great record trainer Don Nyhan has in the Derby. Koarakau, owned by Mr C Wood, of Papatoetoe, is a son of 1961 Derby winner Lordship, who in turn was sired by the 1950 Derby winner Johnny Globe. Lordship, who stands at stud at Nyhan's Templeton property, was raced by his wife, Mrs Doris Nyhan, while he himself owned, trained and drove Johnny Globe. Don Nyhan also drove Lordship to win the 1961 Derby and but for an accident prior to the Cup meeting would have driven Koarakau. However, a broodmare savaged Nyhan's hand and Koarakau was handled in his three starts at the meeting by his son Barry. The Derby win was the fifth from six starts for Koarakau and he is unlucky not to be unbeaten. The previous Tuesday night, he met trouble at the straight entrance and broke, this incident looking to cost him a winning chance.
Koarakau's time for the 2600 metres was 3:23, a time which compares favourably with Willie Win's record of 3:25 for 13 furlongs set last year. The New Zealand record for 13 furlongs for a three-year-old from a standing start was also set last season by Why Bill at 3:23.8 at Easter.
Though six lengths further back, there was much merit in Kawarau Gold's third placing. He broke twice in the first two hundred metres and finally settled five places back on the fence behind Al's Holiday. He did not get the best of runs from then on but put in a great finishing run for his third placing and looks to have a big future in major staying events.
Golden Moose was a length and a half back fourth after having his chance. Driver Robin Butt said after the race he did not want to give the lead away to Eclipse but was being pressed all the way and had little choice. Gliding Light ran on from the middle for fifth, a nose back, ahead of Eclipse and Bonheur. Bonheur who raced third on the rails behind Golden Moose, shot through on the inside of the runner at the 600 but started to weaken soon after. Mighty Gay, one of the favoured runners, broke and lost a lot of ground at the start. He had made up the leeway coming through the straight with a round to go but could not improve from there and finished ninth.
Credit: 'Lookout' writing in NZ Trotguide